Heeger Materials offers a selection...
Heeger Materials offers a selection of over 100 high purity products, including metals, metal oxides and metal salts, with 99.999% purity or higher. We can provide Tin(IV) Sulfide (SnS) with the purity of 99.99%, 99.999%,99.9999% and 99.99999% in size of ingot, lump and powder.
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Availability date: 03/01/2013
Tin (II) sulfide is a chemical compound of tin and sulfur. The chemical formula is SnS. Its natural occurrence concerns herzenbergite (α-SnS), a rare mineral.
High-purity and ultra-high purity Tin(IV) Sulfide (SnS) materials are crucial components for the research, development, and production of advanced technologies which require optimum properties, performance, and quality.
Tin(II) sulfide is an interesting potential candidate for next-generation thin-film solar cells. Currently, both Cadmium Telluride and CIGS (Copper Indium Gallium Sulfide) are used as p-type absorber layers, but they are formulated from toxic, scarce constituents. Tin(II) sulfide, by contrast, is formed from cheap, earth-abundant elements, and is nontoxic. This material also has a high optical absorption coefficient, p-type conductivity, and a mid-range direct band gap of 1.3-1.4 eV, required electronic properties for this type of absorber layer. Based on the detailed balance calculation using the material bandgap, the power conversion efficiency of a solar cell utilizing a tin(II) sulfide absorber layer could be as high as 32%, which is comparable to crystalline silicon. Finally, Tin(II) sulfide is stable in both alkaline and acidic conditions. All aforementioned characteristics suggest tin(II) sulfide as an interesting material to be used as a solar cell absorber layer.
At present, tin(II) sulfide thin films for use in photovoltaic cells are still in the research phase of development with power conversion efficiencies currently less than 5%. Barriers for use include a low open-circuit voltage and an inability to realize many of the above properties due to challenges in fabrication, but tin(II) sulfide still remains a promising material if these technical challenges are overcome.